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Friday, July 27, 2012

Most Massive Stars In The Universe Spend Their Live Pairwise

massive stars pair
(Source:  ESO/L. Cal├žada/S.E. de Mink)
If previously the scientists suspect that the stars with huge mass spending his life in the universe as single. So the scientists predicted that the region around those stars are very quiet.


However, recent findings reveal a different fact. An international team of researchers from the USA and Europe including from the University of Bonn under the direction of Dr. Hugues Sana (University of Amsterdam) has discovered that the most massive stars in the universe don’t spend their lives in space as singles as was previously thought. More than two-thirds orbit a partner star. “The orbit paths of the stars are very close together so that the region around these stars is turbulent and by far not as calm as previously thought,” says Professor Norbert Langer from the University of Bonn. What happens is that one star can suck the material out of its companion like a vampire or both stars can melt to become an even larger massive star. This is revealed in a current study on the lives of massive stars, a study which Dr. Norbert Langer, Prof. Dr. Robert Izzard and Fabian Schneider worked on together with three other scientists from the Argelander Institute for Astronomy at the University of Bonn.

This study revealed through a study conducted by Dr. Norbert Langer, Prof. Dr. Robert Izzard and Fabian Schneider worked together with three other scientists from the Argelander Institute for Astronomy at Bonn University. Not only that, this study spent ten years using the world's largest telescope, the Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile's Atacama Desert.

“The spectacular new research findings could only have been gathered based on one of the most extensive observation campaigns in this area,” says Professor Robert Izzard. A total of 71 massive stars in six young galactic star clusters were observed for years. Through close-knit monitoring, researchers were able to determine the paths of over three-quarters of the double stars discovered which led to unique precision. “The current study reveals that the fast majority of all massive stars spend their lives with a partner,” states Fabian Schneider, the third scientist based in Bonn. Over time, roughly one-third of the star systems melts with their companion, while the other two-thirds transfer material to its partner.

Massive stars, also called spectral class O stars because of their characteristics are the brightest and the most short-lived stars in the universe. In the beginning they are more than 15 times as massive as our Sun. The end of their life is marked by spectacular supernova explosions or gamma ray bursts. They account for a large part of all the heavy elements in the universe. “The new insight into the lives of massive stars has a direct impact on the understanding of the final stages most massive stars experience,” says Professor Langer. The gigantic explosions at the end of a star’s life can be observed from almost all corners of the universe. This underscores the importance of the new findings which have now been published


This article had edited by authors of threelas
Source: AlphaGalileo

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