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Friday, February 3, 2012

The Discovery of Pulsar Deceleration

millisecond pulsar
artist pulsar (mpg.de)
So far, Pulsar as celestial object becomes one of the most interesting but full with mysterious. Because, research so far reached paradox conclusion, that several of millisecond pulsar are older that it self-universe. But now, that’s paradox revealed. Including the spin period, magnetic field, and ages, the problem of turn-off (what happenswith the spin of the pulsar when the donor star is no longer doing its mass transfer).

The astrophysicist Thomas Tauris from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy and the Argelander Institute for Astronomy in Bonn could resolve this paradox by computer simulations. Through numerical calculations on the base of stellar evolution and accretion torques, he demonstrated that millisecond pulsars loose about half of their rotational energy during the final stages of the mass-transfer process before the pulsar turns on its radio beam. This result is in agreement with current observations and the findings also explain why radio millisecond pulsars appear to be much older than the white dwarf remnants of their companion stars - and perhaps why no sub-millisecond radio pulsars exist at all.

Millisecond pulsars are strongly magnetized, old neutron stars in binary systems which have been spun up to high rotational frequencies by accumulating mass and angular momentum from a companion star. Today we know of about 200 such pulsars with spin periods between 1.4 to 10 milliseconds. These are located in both the Galactic Disk and in Globular Clusters.

“We have now, for the first time, combined detailed numerical stellar evolution models with calculations of the braking torque acting on the spinning pulsar”, says Thomas Tauris, the author of the present study. “The result is that the millisecond pulsars loose about half of their rotational energy in the so-called Roche-lobe decoupling phase.” This phase describes the termination of the mass transfer in the binary system. Hence, radio-emitting millisecond pulsars should spin slightly slower than their progenitors, X-ray emitting millisecond pulsars which are still accreting material from their donor star. This is exactly what the observational data seem to suggest. Furthermore, these new findings help explain why some millisecond pulsars appear to have characteristic ages exceeding the age of the Universe and perhaps why no sub-millisecond radio pulsars exist.

The key feature of the new results is that it has now been demonstrated how the spinning pulsar is able to break out of its so-called equilibrium spin. At this epoch the mass-transfer rate decreases which causes the magnetospheric radius of the pulsar to expand and thereby expell the collapsing matter like a propeller. This causes the pulsar to loose additional rotational energy and thus slow down its spin rate.

“Actually, without a solution to the "turn-off" problem we would expect pulsars to even slow down to spin periods of 50 to 100 milliseconds during the Roche-lobe decoupling phase”, concludes Thomas Tauris. “That would be in clear contradiction with observational evidence for the existence of millisecond pulsars.”

This article has edited by authors of threelas
Source: http://www.mpg.de/5011886/millisecond_pulsars?filter_order=L
Publication: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6068/561

  1. Maksudnya multicomment tab yang bagaimana ??? bisa lebih spesifik ga ???

    Thanks for info's...

    1. Mungkin Monoz bisa mempelajari topik kami tentang Multi Choice comment for blogger. Sangat bermanfaat bagi pengunjung anda. Namun kami harap anda memberikan referensi threelas.